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Wisdom Proverbs M.O.P by Greek Philosophers

© Copyright photo by Levent Ağaoğlu, Didyma, Turkey, 1975

MARRIAGE

The greatest happiness is to find an equal in the world, people who live by their labor will not marry wealthy nobles. Aeschylus, Prometheus Desmotes

He had married not for good reasons, but because, like a naive young man, he had been swept up in the most shameless, most shameless acts and quirks. Plutarch, Bioi Paralleloi, (Lysandros-Sulla)

Make your weddings unpretentious. Spartan Chilon

The one who comes out happy with the groom finds a son, and the one who comes out unhappy loses his daughter as well. Democritus

Şen is the woman who, in my long absences, guarded the honor of my bed without fail, and bravely trembled over my home. Eyripides, Heracles

The difficulty of meeting kept them from falling into excess and excess, their bodies would not lose their creativity, and their love would be renewed every day. They would not fall into the saturation and boredom brought about by the freedom of meeting without barriers. Since they always broke up with each other without being satiated, their wishes and love would last longer. Plutarch, Lycurgus

What could shine brighter for a woman’s heart than the delight of the gods opening the doors wide to her rescued husband, who survived the fight? Aeschylus, Agamemnon

MEASUREMENT

It is necessary to follow the middle path in everything. Plutarch, Moralia

Nothing excessive makes a person happy. Euripides, Medea

By measure I mean things that won’t upset you. Pythagoras, Khrysa Epe

Not being in control of yourself is harmful. Be measured. Thales of Miletus

Achieving self-control is a great power and wealth. Pythagoras, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

Measure aside, if the small ship is given the big sail, the small body too much food, and the man who can’t lift big power is given, all will be turned upside down. Plato, Nomoi

It is necessary to suppress excessive laughter and tears, and every man should preach this to all; one should try to behave in a dignified manner by hiding his joy and sadness. Plato, Nomoi

MONEY

What makes money more or less is not the amount, but the abilities of the man who collects and spends that money. Xenophon, Anabasis

The benefit of money makes it worthwhile, ultimately giving rise to the greed to get it. While we see that money is valued in state affairs, it cannot be regarded as superfluous in individual affairs. It is impossible to believe that the money that is so important and demanded in public works does not work for the person at all. Plutarch, Bioi Paralleloi, (Lysandros-Sulla), XXI.

That the soul is immortal; that he will be questioned when he is freed from the body; we must believe in those ancient sacred traditions that proclaim that there will be great punishments… A person who seeks wealth, who is poor in spirit, will not listen to such words; if he listens, his mind is for mockery; To find food and drink for himself, and to satisfy those dishonorable pleasures that enslave man, wrongly named after Aphrodite, go there like a predator, without any shame; attacks here. He is a blind man who cannot see the irreligion of his actions and the evil that his murders will bring. He carries this irreligiousness with him on his disgraceful journey full of misery on earth and then underground. Plato, Epistolei

I see that the more rich and immeasurable the wealth of persons, even of kings, the more sycophantic, the more terrible slanderers arise, ready to share the harmful and degrading pleasures of the rich; This is the greatest evil caused by wealth and other blessings of power. Plato, Epistolei

There is no escape from extinction: for those who get dizzy from wealth and kick the holy temple of righteousness. Aeschylus, Agamemnon

The light of righteousness shines in houses with low smoke and gives honor to a clean life. But in gilded mansions where unclean hands rule, righteousness turns his eyes away… He doesn’t respect gold, the false badge of his fame. Aeschylus, Agamemnon

No gain is as permanent and respectable as virtue. Isocrates, Pros Demonicon

If a man combines wealth with virtue, then that wealth is truly a great power. Pindaros, Pythionikai V

Wealth is the servant of evil rather than good. Isocrates, Pros Demonicon

Wealth is the veil of many evils. Menandros, Trailer

If you have wealth, extend your hand to the poor.Phocylides, Gnomai

The wealth of the miser is like the setting sun that makes no living being happy. Socrates, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

I’ve never been jealous of a very wealthy person who wasn’t happy with any of his possessions. Wealth is like a wicked doctor blinding us after receiving us with our good eyes. Antiphanes, Anthologia Stobaiou),

The poor man lives in security, the great wealth always faces danger. Phaedrus

The larger a person is, the greater his land, his possessions, his worries, and his worries. Phaidros, Appendiz Perottina, A.

Among the people, the poor regard the powerful and rich as gods. Euripides, Iphigeneia he en Aulidi

It should not be forgotten that those who seek gold dig a lot, but find very little gold. Heraclitus

I’ve lost a piece of your fortune. You consider it an inconsolable loss. But you don’t think you’ve lost anything when you let go of your commitment to your word, cleanliness and humility. However, it is a foreign force that is not in the control of our will that makes wealth lose. Lacking or losing them is nothing to be ashamed of. As for our inner wealth, we lose it only through our own mistake. Just as it is shameful and painful not to have inner wealth, it is much more shameful and much more painful to lose it while it exists. Epictetus

Anything that a person does not bring with him from birth is not considered his real property; Every man comes naked and goes naked. Aisopoe

MILITARY SERVICE

War is the father of all and the king of all. He deifies some, makes others ordinary people; enslave some and free others. Heraclitus

Those who die in battle are honored by both gods and humans. Heraclitus

If the soldier is required to keep watch, not to touch the goods of his friends, and to march on the enemy without pouting, he should fear his own general rather than the enemy. Xenophon, Anabasis

An unemployed army enjoys nasty gossip. Euripides, Iphigeneia he en Aulidi

You know that it is neither numbers nor strength that brings victory in war; Those who march most decisively against the enemy with the help of the gods, rarely encounter an enemy who defies them. Gentlemen! I have seen that those who want to protect their lives by all means in battles almost always die cowardly, whereas those who believe that death is inevitable and happen to every human being and fight to die with dignity, often reach old age more often than others and spend the rest of their lives happier. Those of us who believe in these principles need to show courage and encourage others in such a difficult and dangerous situation. Xenophon, Anabasis

It was then that Sulla dismounted, marched towards the enemies, who had fled (his soldiers) with a flag in his hand, and shouted: ‘O Romans, it is an honor for me to die here; Do not forget to say in Orkhomenos to those who ask where you left your commander. These words changed the mood of his soldiers, and two of the cohorts on the right rushed to Sulla’s aid. Plutarch, Bioi Paralleloi, (Sulla)

For a warrior… the real valor is to stand firmly at the beginning of his duty, to see an entire… army attacking him without blinking an eye. Euripides, Heracles

The armored warrior is the slave of his armor; If he has heartless friends in his line, he falls victim to the cowardice of those around him and is crushed. Once his spear is broken, he can no longer escape death because he has no other weapon to defend himself. However, the one whose arm is adept at shooting arrows has the unique advantage of shooting thousands of arrows to protect others from death; standing at a distance, he repels enemies who see that blind arrows will inevitably injure them; he never puts his body in danger against the enemy, he stays safe. Euripides, Heracles

Safeguarding oneself in battle and inflicting damage on the enemy is also the greatest skill.  Edripides, Heracles

Don’t be fooled by the enemy’s humiliation, it’s meant to ambush you and beat you easily. Aisopoe

If you don’t fight a battle you can’t win, you won’t be defeated. Epictetus

MIND

The Titans, sons of Uranus and the earth. In vain I tried to appease, and in their pride they scorned compromise, thinking that power will prevail with strength. But how many times have my mother, Themis or Gaia, my mother, who has various names, told me with foresight; He said how to win the future times, not by force, but by reason. Aeschyios, Prometheus Desmotes

Your mind has caused you impossible troubles, it has taken you by surprise: now you cannot find a cure for your own problems like a doctor who has fallen ill. Aeschylus, Prometheus Desmotes

If the mind, which will set everything right, goes astray, who will fix it? Epictetus

OLD AGE

Youth is my favourite, but old age weighs heavily on my shoulders like the jagged peaks of Aitne, pulling a thick veil over my lashes. I wouldn’t trade the glory of the Asian empire or a palace full of gold for youth. But I hate old age, this horrible killing age. Let him go and throw himself into the waves; Oh, if only he had never stopped by the homes and cities of mortals, and vanished into the skies with an endless flight of wings. Euripides, Heracles

I grow old constantly learning a lot of thingsSolon, Trailer

It is not the young man who deserves to be envied, but the old man who has had a good life; because a person who has not reached the climax of life can be dragged into a stream of contradictory purposes; whereas the old man, who is now back in port, finds his blessings laid out before him. Epicurus

He who wants to learn the truth is not an old man at any age. Aeschylus, Agamemnon

That old age that doesn’t run after us too fast, it chases us as we run away. Plato, Symposium

We say that a living thing… from childhood to old age always remains itself, although it always bears the same name, it is never the same being. Its hair, flesh, bone, blood, whole body is constantly renewed on one side and dies on the other. Not only the body but also the soul changes. Nature, temperament, beliefs, desires, pleasures, troubles, worries, none of these remain the same for anyone, while a new one dies, a new one is born. Plato, Symposion, Ode

OATH

Respect your oath… Pythagoras, Khrysa Epe

There are many people, they do not hesitate to say things that are not possible, but also to say it under oath, just so that their own affairs will not be ruined. Aisopoe

Oaths do not make a person believable, but one can make an oath believable. Aeschylus, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

PLEASURES

Persistently and persistently dealing with virtue and arranging life with common sense always gives the gift of real and more lasting pleasures. Isocrates, Pros Demonicon

It is foolish to seek pleasure of any kind at all costs, but it is also unnatural to avoid all pleasure at all costs. Plutarch, Ethics

The person who is in control of their tastes is not the one who stays away from them, but the one who does not go astray despite their taste. Aristippus, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

No virtue befits a person who has succumbed to bodily pleasures. Xenophon

You should not choose every taste, but only what is for your own good. Democritus, Trailer

We must avoid our uncontrolled and unreasonable pleasures at all costs. Iamblikhos, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

Avoid pleasures that cause sadness. Solon, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

Some tastes are good and some are bad. The good ones are helpful and the bad ones are harmful. The purpose of all our actions should be good, and we must do everything for that purpose. Plato, Gorgias

No virtue befits a person who has succumbed to bodily pleasures. Xenophon, Apomnemoneumata

POEM

The art of painting is the art of poetry that is silent, the art of poetry is the art of painting that speaks. Simonides

When love takes hold of a person, even if a breath is devoid of poetry, that person becomes a poet. Plato, Symposium

PRAISE

People who do not consider any interest above justice are worthy of praise. Demosthenes, (Anthologia Stobaiou)

Never praise yourself. Menandros, Gnomai Monostikhoi

A worthless person, with his reputation, deceives those who do not know, but makes a joke of himself, becomes a joke to those who know. Phaedrus

The one who loves to be praised falsely, suffers the punishment, regrets and feels ashamed. Phaedrus

Ah! No matter what I do, if I don’t say more than necessary when praising you, or if I don’t praise you enough and lose your favor! For if the righteous people who are praised are to be praised too much, they hate those who praise them. Euripides, Iphigeneia he en Aulidi

 

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