by Doğan Hızlan
However, in order to be able to think, to learn the sequence of logic, to learn the depth behind superficial concepts, it is absolutely necessary to read philosophy. This week, I will talk about the books written about the four philosophers of Turkey. I believe that those who read these four books will recognize the writings and personalities of our philosophers, as well as the important contribution they have made to their readers, students and society. Two books are gifts to two living faculty members. One, Prof. Dr. For Bedia Akarsu , the other is Prof. Dr. Prepared for Doğan Özlem . The other two are philosophers and writers, Seláhattin Hiláv and Arslan Kaynardağ, who recently passed away. Books for. I think these four books tell us enough about the importance of philosophy and the philosopher.
Philosophers of the Enlightenment and Revolution
Bedia Gift of Rivers’ n Betul Çotuksöken with Doğan Özlem prepared.
In the light of philosophy, especially the Enlightenment , Akarsu was not content with only studies on philosophical subjects. He told us that the progress of Turkish society with philosophy, the establishment of Atatürk’s revolutions, the development of contemporary civilization only in the presence of a philosophical thought. Arslan Kaynardağ ‘s Bedia AkarsuYou can learn about his view of philosophy, what he perceives from the concept of philosophy, his thoughts on language-culture and revolution connections in a clear and simple language. Many people have read
Akarsu ‘s book The Language and Culture Connection in Wilhelm von Humboldt . When you read the speeches of Arslan Kaynardağ and Tüten Anı, you will have a detailed understanding of Bedia Akarsu ‘s view of philosophy.
FOUNDATION OF OUR TODAY WITH PHILOSOPHY
Doğan Özlem’What kind of philosophy is the philosophy of? It is not a study that exists behind doors, only in seminar rooms. It symbolizes an academic but inclusive understanding.
I will quote a section from Ali Osman Gündoğan ‘s Introduction . Because this introduction best describes his life, science and philosophy in life.
“Doğan Özlem takes a stand against today’s political, economic, social and cultural problems in terms of his philosophical tradition. In this context, he criticizes concepts such as globalization, new world order, globalization and post-modernism, and all of these tendencies are an American imperialism in economic and cultural terms. thinks it is.”
Dogan Ozlem’When you read the articles on his life and philosophy, I think you will want to read his works. Doğan Özlem’s gift book was prepared by A.Kadir Çuçen-Hatice Nur Erkızan-Güçlü Ateşoğlu .
BOTH PHILOSOPHY AND LITERATURE
Respect to Seláhattin Hiláv showcases the versatile personality of Hiláv , whose writings on literature I attach great importance to . What was philosophy for Selahattin Hiláv ? After reading the excerpt below, you can come to the following conclusion. It was life itself.
“I think the meaning of life is in the question itself, that is, asking the meaning of life. In other words, this meaning is in the constant scrutiny of life and in an effort to give life a meaning. From this perspective, we can say that the meaning of life is to be condemned to ask about that meaning.”
Doğan Özlem’s article by Seláhattin Hiláv: After a Philosopher ; explains his philosophy, his human side, and his literary work with an extraordinary taste. I would like to remind once again what he said about literature, especially Tanpınar . For a while, he brought Tanpınar to the agenda again and TanpınarAnd when his works are mentioned, his evaluations are definitely taken into consideration.
ARSLAN KAYNARDAĞ’S CONTRIBUTIONS TO PHILOSOPHY In the
book Gift to Arslan Kaynardağ , we understand how much effort he put into the dissemination and institutionalization of philosophy. He explained the importance and indispensability of philosophy. Not only with his writings, but also with the way he educates and directs those around him. Especially read the articles of
Emre Kongar, Doğan Özlem and Yücel Kayıran .
Learn from these articles and speeches how philosophy is vital to the identity of an intellectual.
FROM BOOKS Not
everyone needs to be interested in philosophy
(From Doğan Özlem Book)
Not everyone is interested in philosophy, nor does they have to. Those who want to emphasize the importance and value of their fields do not get tired of arguing that it is almost a necessity for everyone to take care of their field. In my opinion, the pursuit of philosophy is first and foremost an intellectual pursuit, and it is inappropriate and unfair to expect such a work from everyone, since everyone’s abilities, interests and knowledge are at very different levels. In short, let me repeat that not everyone is and need not be interested in philosophy; A small minority has always been interested in philosophy. But the efforts of those who are interested in philosophy, those who are involved with philosophy beyond being interested, the works of philosophers, the philosophical paths they open, affect life and practice deeply in the process. So not everyone, butIt is imperative that everyone involved in intellectual pursuits engage in philosophy at one level or another.
There is no opinion in the Ottoman Empire, there is ideology
(from the book of Selahattin Hilav)
Of course, these are ridiculous things, why should we compare people like teams. Stupid. Dostoevsky is different, Kemal Tahir is different. In fact, a thought produced by a hierarchical worldview is something entirely created by Eastern thought. Nobody in the West thinks whether Dostoevsky is superior to Tolstoy or Kafka is superior to Musil. In fact, this is a full-blown, military thought; such as a captain, colonel, major… Kemal Tahir worked on these issues in depth and at times no Marxist thought about. He had Enver Abdul Malik’s book Egypt: Military Society brought from France. This is what started ATUT. This is also interesting, think about it, the initiator was a man of letters. Sometimes he would ask me to translate something too. He was a man who could combine theoretical ideas with his own experience. Our authors do not have such an intellectual work,Other than Tanpınar and a few others. On the other hand, even if it is wrong, Peyami Safa has some. They think that thought and literature are separate things because this is Ottoman thought. There is no idea in the Ottoman Empire, there is an ideology. The greatest poet is Baki. He does not introduce an enduring idea, but his most important feature is that he is atheist, which we understand indirectly from his poems. This is also a negative thing, it does not say anything, but we understand what it is not.It doesn’t say anything, but we understand what it is.It doesn’t say anything, but we understand what it is not.
Without knowing Marxism, philosophy remains incomplete
(from the book Arslan Kaynardağ)
. Movements have also come to terms with and interacted with Marxism. Unless Marxism is known, most modern movements cannot be evaluated.”
Freedom of thought and freedom of thought are different things
(from the book Bedia Akarsu)
In one of my articles, I stated that freedom of thought and freedom of thought should be separated from each other. Freedom of thought is the freedom to say what you think, the freedom to express your thoughts. But for that, one must first think. In order to produce a certain thought, one must have a certain problem. Thinking about that problem, the reasons for the emergence of that problem, its spread, the way it was handled before, the new problems that that problem will reveal, working on all these systematically, researching, examining all these, questioning, being able to establish the connections between them, thinking requires all of these. . Thinking head first, thinking people are necessary. They need to be bred.