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Turkish Philosophers: Classical Period

  • Epics are one of the most important cornerstones of Turkish thought, identity and creativity.
  • In the inscriptions, it is called “Bengü Stones” with the hope that these monuments will remain until eternity.
  • Ibn Turk al-Ceyli: The oldest of the Turkish mathematicians
  • Meruzi: First trigonometric ratios, sine, cosine, conant, cotangent
  • Musa Al-Khwarizmi: “The Sultan of the House of Wisdom”
  • Imam Bukhari “Master of Hadith”
  • Thabit Bin Kurra: The first anesthesia practitioner.
  • Tirmidhi: “Tirmidhi’s book is a garden of knowledge”
  • Maturidi: Reason and faith
  • Farabi: “Philosophy Lessons in Transoxiana”
  • Ebu’l-Mahmud el-Hocendî: He is a mathematician who discovered Fermat’s Theorem 700 years before Fermat.
  • Ebü’l-Vefa el Buzcanî : He significantly improved Harezmi’s discoveries in mathematics and geometry. In particular, he focused on the relations between geometry and algebra.
  • Al Biruni: “A Universal Genius”
  • Ibn Sina: “The King of Medicine”
  • Demir Baba: An Alperen who fused the heart and the wrist
  • Kaşgarlı Mahmut: “The Uncrowned Ruler of Turkish Language”
  • Yusuf Has Hacib “The essence of man is gone, his name remains”
  • Nizamül Mulk: The founder of the country’s regulations
  • Ahmet Yesevi: “A Star in the Sky of Central Asia”
  • Edip Ahmet Yukneki: Atabet Ul Hakayik
  • Şahabettin Sühreverdi: Sheikh of Sheikhs
  • Sheikh Yusuf Hamadani: “Teacher of Hodjas”
  • Nasruddin Et Tusi: The Great Islamic Scholar Who Created a Work in the Field of Trigonometry for the First Time
  • Sheikh Edebali: The father of ideas of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Nasreddin Hodja: Hodja riding the donkey backwards
  • Hacı Bektaş Veli: “Horasan Saints”
  • Sadreddin Konevi: The transformation of classical mysticism into a strong intellectual movement
  • Sari Saltuk: The Epic Precursor of Popular Islam in the Balkans
  • “Naqshband” because it engraves the love of Allahu ta’ala into hearts.
  • Nasafi: A great mujtahid in the Hanafi school
  • Sheikh Kusteri: The old masters of Karagöz call him “Our Pir Sheikh Kusteri”
  • Aydınlı Pasha (Celaleddin Hızır): The First Turkish Doctor
  • Haji Bayram Veli: “We are celebrating two festivals at once!”
  • Sheikh Bedreddin: Ottoman mystic, philosopher and kazasker who belonged to the Vahdet-i Body school of Islamic mysticism
  • Abdulkadir El Meragi: “The Great Teacher”
  • Sabuncuoğlu Şerefeddin: He is the owner of the first Turkish surgical work.
  • Akşemsettin: First Friday Prayer of Conquest
  • Uluğ Bey: “The Scholar Sitting on the Throne”
  • Sayyid Yahya Shirvani: He is the second founder of the Halvetiyye sect.
  • Ali Kuşçu: “Great Scholar, Honorable Son”
  • Fethullah Eş Şirvani: One of the two scholars who started teaching mathematics, astronomy and geography in Anatolia.
  • Mimar Sinan: One of the world’s greatest construction artists
  • Molla Hüsrev: Fakih, founder of Enderun, Muhaddis statesman. Mehmed the Conqueror expressed his love for Molla Hüsrev by saying that he is the Ebu Hanife of our time.
  • Gül Baba: A heartfelt dervish-gazi, whose every word is full of wisdom
  • Mustafa Ali from Gallipoli: 1580 – The destruction of the Istanbul Observatory by shelling by the navy (January 22)
  • Kadızade Mehmet: They led to the regressiveness of the education system in the Ottoman Empire and the conservativeness of the scientific life.
  • Hezarfen Hüseyin Efendi: The first Ottoman Historian to use Greek and Latin sources
  • Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi: The first person to fly with false wings he developed
  • Hodja Sadettin Efendi: Şeyhülislam, historian, kazasker, kadi, professor
  • Ali Şir Nevai: “The Poet Who Named a Language”
  • Katip Çelebi: the first Occidentalist
  • Naima: The first Ottoman chronicler
  • İbrahim Müteferrika: Reason and science, 1728 acceptance of the printing press
  • Gelenbevi İsmail Efendi: He is the last Ottoman mathematician to solve problems with the old method.
  • Asım Efendi: He is one of the powerful scientists of Turkish culture. Although he has the characteristics of historiography, lexicography, poetry, publishing, economics and theology, he is best known for his lexicography.
  • Hoca İshak Efendi: His most important work is called Mecmua-i Ulum-Riyaziyye (Selection of Mathematical Sciences).
  • Ahmet Cevdet Pasha: The last sun of the Eastern madrasahs. Since Ahmet Cevdet Pasha, no one in this country should seek a Hamidullah, a Fazlurrahman or a Iqbal. (Ilber Ortayli)
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