HomeBEYOND TURKEYThought Basins: Source Geographies of Turkish Masterpiece Scholars

Thought Basins: Source Geographies of Turkish Masterpiece Scholars

Ebu Hanife from Tirmidhi waves to Mevlana in Belh.

  1. Abu Hanifa, 699-767; Tirmidhi, Uzbekistan (grandfather)
  2. Musa al-Khorezmi, 780-850; Khiva, Uzbekistan
  3. Imam Maturidi, 852-944; Samarkand, Uzbekistan
  4. Farabi, 872-951; Farab (Otrar), Kazakhstan
  5. Al Biruni, 973-1048, Kas, Khwarezm, Iran
  6. Avicenna, 980-1037, Bukhara, Uzbekistan
  7. Kashgarli Mahmud, 1008-1105, Kashgar, East Turkestan
  8. Yusuf Has Hacib, 1017-1077, Turkistan Balasagun, Kyrgyzstan
  9. Nizamülmülk, 1018-1092, Khorasan Tus, Iran
  10. Omar Khayyam, 1048-1131, Khorasan Nishapur, Iran
  11. Gazzali, 1058-1111, Khorasan Tus, Iran
  12. Ahmet Yesevi, 1093-1166, Yesi, Kazakhstan
  13. Sheikh Edebali, 1206-1326, Khorasan
  14. Mevlana, 1207-1273, Belh, Afghanistan
  15. Haji Bektashi Veli, 1209-1271, Khorasan Nishapur, Iran
  • From Belh Mevlana went to Konya.
  • The descendants of Abu Hanifa from Tirmidhi went to Iraq.
  • Biruni traveled continuously from Ghazni to Hind for 30 years. He wrote the book of Hindi.
  • Ghaznavid Hujviri laid the foundations of Indian Sufism.
  • He was born in Mevlana (Belh).
  • Tirmidhi is 67 km from Balkh in Uzbekistan; Imam Tirmidhi is from there, Abu Hanifa’s lineage is Tirmidhi. Also, Tirmiz is an important center of Buddhist thought. Biruni, on the other hand, is a thinker who stayed a long time in Ghazni.

What is the source of Punjabi mysticism?

The owner of Keşfu’l-Mahcub, Ali El-Cüllabi El-Hucviri from Gazne, namely “Data Genc Bahş.” His tomb is in Lahore

Transoxiana : Samarkand – Bukhara – Tirmidhi /

Khorasan: Merv – Nishapur /

Balkh /

Fergana Valley 



MAVERAÜNNEHİR / The name given by Islamic historians and geographers to the region to the north and east of the Ceyhun river. /


  • Samarkand / A historical city in Uzbekistan. /
  • BUHARA / A historical city in Transoxiana.
  • TIRMIZ / A historical city in Uzbekistan. /


  • HORASAN / A province in northeastern Iran.


  • MERV / A historical city in Turkmenistan. /
  • NISHABUR / A historical city in Iran. /


FERGANA / A geographical region in Central Asia.





BELH /A city and state in northern Afghanistan.



“Khorasan, Transoxiana and Khwarezm Region – Turkish Cities:

  1. Moving towards a feudal order in Khorasan and Transoxiana towards the 19th century affected the structure of the cities and the cities emerged as small castle-like settlements surrounded by walls. Historical sources VI of the Turks in this region. century, and some Turks lived in cities such as Dehistan and Cürcaniye, which were fortified with castles and walls. VI. and VII. In the centuries, large cities were formed in the region that exceeded the dimensions of the feudal order. These cities are; In Transoxiana, it is Samarkand, Bukhara, in Tirmiz Khorasan it is Merv, in Nishapur, and in Baktirya it is Belh.” http://www.cokbilgi.com/yazi/horasan-maveraunnehir-ve-harezm-bolgesi-turk-sehirleri/


  • “The identity, personality and culture of Central Asian society are thought to be shaped by two cultural lines.

The first line  includes urban, literate and well-organized ruling groups, which are largely focused in the Amu Darya valley, in cities such as Khorasan, Fergana, Kashgar.

The second line , which extends to the northeast of the line drawn by the Aral and Caspian seas along the Syr Darya and includes the Karakum Desert, includes  semi-urban and nomadic groups.
Transoxiana is a transit line between these two lines. Iranian-Islamic influences were dominant on the first line.” http://blog.kavrakoglu.com/tag/fergana-vadisi/

Subscribe For Latest Updates
And get notified every monday at 8:00 am in your mailbox


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular