HomeREADERSArt & CultureTurkish Symbols on Weavings from Yenice town, Çanakkale

Turkish Symbols on Weavings from Yenice town, Çanakkale

Copyright Photographs and Text by Coşkun Yanar

 

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale, 42×36

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 42×36
size 40×46
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition It is decorated with the repetition of the velcro motif. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads.
motifs  Pitrak
warp  double bristle
Scarf  double bristle
Colors Used  Red, white, green, dark blue, pink, brown, black

 

velcro motif

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.

by Coşkun Yanar, 2013

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale. 42×144

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 42×144
size 41×46
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition At the beginning and at the end of the weaving, a band was formed from seven bala motifs, and the border was decorated with an eye motif. On the interior floor; The star motif in the middle and the velcro motif are placed inside, the inner eye motif is placed on the corners of the star motif, and the seven bala motifs are placed on the lower and upper parts. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. It is tied to the edges by making tassels from pattern threads.
motifs  Star, eyeball, seven honeys, flutter
warp Double wool warp
Scarf Single layer wool scarf
Colors Used  Red, white, green, dark blue, pink, brown, black

 

star, intraocular, seven

honey, velcro motifs

seven honey motifs

Star: Like the moon and the sun, the stars also occupy a large place in folk beliefs. The reason for these beliefs coincides with the periods when celestial beings were blessed as gods or goddesses. The beliefs of the Anatolian peoples establish a fateful connection between the stars and people. This connection exists in pre-Islamic and post-Islamic Anatolian religions and in the beliefs of all neighboring nations.

Intraocular: Symbols of abundance.

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.

Seven Balas:It is one of the names given to the motifs used in border arrangements in the Çanakkale region. It is a local name.

by Coşkun Yanar

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale, 44×36

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches Yenice Region
quality 44×36
size 40×44
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition It is decorated with the repetition of the velcro motif. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads.
motifs  intraocular
warp  double bristle
Scarf  double bristle
Colors Used  Red, white, green, dark blue, pink, brown, black

 

Pitrak Motif:

intraocular

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.

by Coşkun Yanar, 2013

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale, 44 x 144

 

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 44 x 144
size 44x44cm
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition The Elibelinde motif is placed in bands with the transverse bell weaving technique. A band is formed at the beginning and end of the weaving, and the interior is decorated by taking a section from the motifs of the weaving. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. It is tied to the mouth of the bag by knitting a tie from the pattern threads. It is tied to the edges by making tassels from pattern threads.
motifs man, hand on waist
warp Double wool warp
Scarf Single layer wool scarf
Colors Used  Red, white, green, blue, purple, pink, yellow, brown, black

 

Man, hand on waist motif : This motif is the symbol of femininity and fertility. It also symbolizes abundance, fertility, luck, fortune and happiness. It was widely used in weavings in Anatolia. Many mountains in Anatolia have been given the names of various mother goddesses. The mountain known as Mount Ida in mythology was named Mount Ida. Mount Ida in mythology is the place where the Sarıkız Legend, which tells about an innocent and pure love, takes place. Ida or Kaz Mountain is the mountain where Paris, the son of the Trojan King, was a shepherd, the Trojan Wars took place after the Spartan King kidnapped his wife Helena, and Paris was killed after the destruction of Troy.

 

by Coşkun Yanar

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 44×140
size 46 x 49 cm
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition The Elibelinde motif is placed in bands with the transverse bell weaving technique. A band is formed at the beginning and end of the weaving, and the interior is decorated by taking a section from the motifs of the weaving. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads.
motifs  man, hand on waist
warp  double layer wool
Scarf  Single layer wool scarf
Colors Used  Red, white, green, blue, purple, pink, yellow, brown, black

 

Man, hand on waist motif : This motif is the symbol of femininity and fertility. It also symbolizes abundance, fertility, luck, fortune and happiness. It was widely used in weavings in Anatolia. Many mountains in Anatolia have been given the names of various mother goddesses. The mountain known as Mount Ida in mythology was named Mount Ida. Mount Ida in mythology is the place where the Sarıkız Legend, which tells about an innocent and pure love, takes place. Ida or Kaz Mountain is the mountain where Paris, the son of the Trojan King, was a shepherd, the Trojan Wars took place after the Spartan King kidnapped his wife Helena, and Paris was killed after the destruction of Troy.

by Coşkun Yanar, 2013

Carpet Bag, Weawing, Yenice Town, Çanakkale

Carpet Name Carpet Bag
Where It Touches Yenice region
quality 22×26
size 42x32cm
kilim Beginning 7 cm
Mouth 6 cm
Material Used Wool warp, wool weft, wool loop
Weaving Technique pile weaving
Composition Carpet is bag woven. The outer edge of the border is surrounded by a gooseneck motif, and the inner edge is surrounded by a rat-tooth motif, and the inside of the border is decorated with a five-stone and baklava motif. The interior floor is decorated with a ¼ symmetry arrangement of the pomegranate flower motif. The back of the bag is rug woven. The colored threads used in weaving are attached to the weaving by forming a bond. Tassels are attached to the edges from colored pattern threads.
motifs Rattooth, gooseneck, pentacle, baklava, pomegranate flower
warp Double wool warp
Scarf Single layer wool scarf
Knot Technique Turkish knot ( Gordes knot )
Colors Used Green, orange, pink, purple, brown, black, blue, white
Pile Height 5mm

 

Five stones, lozenge motif

flower motif

Gooseneck motif

Rattooth motif

Pomegranate Flower:   It is narrated that the pomegranate flower and its fruit are the fruit of Paradise and express holiness in Anatolia. It is seen that it symbolizes fertility and eternity, reproduction and reproduction in Turks.

Baklava:  They are motifs consisting of geometric shapes resembling baklava slices.

Border motifs:  Some motifs used on borders in Çanakkale region; five stone, rat tooth, goose neck, green water, seven honey, etc. The motifs used in the borders are named for their similarity to some objects in nature. Gooseneck, rattooth, waterway, etc. many motifs are used on borders in weaving.

Waterway, green water: Water is the symbol of life in Anatolia. It is the symbol of rebirth, continuity of life, fertility, nobility, wisdom, purity and virtue. It is the opposite of fire.

Five stones: The number five is thought to be good for the bad eye by establishing a connection with the fingers of the hand. It has been tried to give a certain meaning to these motifs by forming the motifs created with the shapes in nature with numbers such as three, five and seven.

Seven Bala: It is one of the names given to the motifs used in border arrangements in the Çanakkale region. It is a local name.

by Coşkun Yanar, 2013

Carpet Saddlebag, Yenice town, Çanakkale

Carpet Name Carpet Saddlebag
Where It Touches Yenice region
quality 22×26
size saddlebag size 135 cm one. 45x34cm
2nd. 45x34cm
kilim 4 cm
Material Used Wool warp, wool weft, wool loop
Weaving Technique pile weaving
Composition The carpet weaving part has two borders. These borders are surrounded by a gooseneck motif on the outside and a rat-tooth motif on the inside, the outer border is decorated with green water and the inner border is decorated with amulet motifs. The interior floor is decorated with a ¼ symmetry arrangement of the pomegranate flower motif. The back of the saddlebag is rug woven. The middle part is woven separately and decorated with the cicim weaving technique of the velcro motif. In the middle part kilim weaving, decoration was created with the buttonhole kilim technique. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. Tassels are attached to the edges from colored pattern threads.
motifs Amulet, rattooth, gooseneck, sturgeon, green water, pomegranate flower
warp Double wool warp
Scarf Single layer wool scarf
Knot Technique Turkish knot ( Gordes knot )
Colors Used Green, brown, purple, orange, pink, yellow, black, white
Pile Height 5mm

 

Pomegranate flower

Green water

Gooseneck motif

Rat tooth

amulet motif

Pıtrak motif

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.  

Pomegranate Flower:   It is narrated that the pomegranate flower and its fruit are the fruit of Paradise and express holiness in Anatolia. It is seen that it symbolizes fertility and eternity, reproduction and reproduction in Turks.

Waterway, green water: Water is the symbol of life in Anatolia. It is the symbol of rebirth, continuity of life, fertility, nobility, wisdom, purity and virtue. It is the opposite of fire.

by Coşkun Yanar, 2013

Carpet Saddlebag, Yenice town, ÇanakkaleRug (Zili) Bag, Yenice Town, Çanakkale, 42 warps x 152 wefts

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 42 warps x 152 wefts
size 39×46
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition The Elibelinde motif is placed in bands with the transverse bell weaving technique. A band is formed at the beginning and end of the weaving, and the interior is decorated by taking a section from the motifs of the weaving. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. It is tied to the mouth of the bag by knitting a tie from the pattern threads.
motifs  man, hand on waist
warp  Wool.
Scarf   Wool
Colors Used  Red, white, green, blue, pink, purple, yellow, brown, black

 

Man, hand on waist motif : This motif is the symbol of femininity and fertility. It also symbolizes abundance, fertility, luck, fortune and happiness. It was widely used in weavings in Anatolia. Many mountains in Anatolia have been given the names of various mother goddesses. The mountain known as Mount Ida in mythology was named Mount Ida. Mount Ida in mythology is the place where the Sarıkız Legend, which tells about an innocent and pure love, takes place. Ida or Kaz Mountain is the mountain where Paris, the son of the Trojan King, was a shepherd, the Trojan Wars took place after the Spartan King kidnapped his wife Helena, and Paris was killed after the destruction of Troy.

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town Çanakkale

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition At the beginning and at the end of the weaving, a band was formed from seven bala motifs, and the border was decorated with an eye motif. On the interior floor; The star motif in the middle and the velcro motif are placed inside, it is decorated with an intraocular motif at the corners of the star motif, seven bala motifs on the lower and upper parts, and a columnar placement of the intraocular motif on the edges. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. It is tied to the mouth of the bag by knitting a tie from the pattern threads.
motifs  Star, eyeball, seven honeys, flutter
warp Double wool warp
Scarf Single layer wool scarf
Colors Used  Red, white, green, dark blue, pink, brown, black

 

Star, eye, seven honeys,

hook and loop motifs

Star: Like the moon and the sun, the stars also occupy a large place in folk beliefs. The reason for these beliefs coincides with the periods when celestial beings were blessed as gods or goddesses. The beliefs of the Anatolian peoples establish a fateful connection between the stars and people. This connection exists in pre-Islamic and post-Islamic Anatolian religions and in the beliefs of all neighboring nations.

Intraocular: Symbols of abundance.

Seven Bala: It is one of the names given to the motifs used in border arrangements in the Çanakkale region. It is a local name.

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 38 x 156
size 38×41
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition It is decorated with the repetition of the velcro motif. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. The back of the fabric is woven into bands with colored threads. It is tied to the mouth of the bag by knitting a tie from the pattern threads.
motifs  Pitrak
warp Double wool warp
Scarf Single layer wool scarf
Colors Used  Red, white, green, dark blue, pink, brown, black

 

velcro motif

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.

 

Rug (Zili) Bag, Yenice town, Çanakkale, 48×34

Name of the Fabric Rug (Zili) Bag
Where It Touches  Yenice Region
quality 48×34
size 42×44
Material Used  Double layer wool warp, single layer wool weft
Weaving Technique  Plain Weave, bell
Composition It is decorated with the repetition of the velcro motif. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads. It is tied to the mouth of the bag by knitting a tie from the pattern threads. It is tied to the mouth of the bag by knitting a tie from the pattern threads. In order to become a woven bag, it is folded and joined at the edges and the edges are knitted with colored pattern threads.
motifs  Pitrak
warp  double bristle
Scarf  double bristle
Colors Used  Red, white, green, dark blue, purple, pink, brown, black

 

Pıtrak Motif: It is inspired by the Pıtrak plant. It was used as an amulet against the evil eye. It is a symbol of abundance, protecting from all kinds of evil eye and evil eye. It was frequently used in flour sacks, tandoori covers, and bread covers to make them fertile.

 

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