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Turkish Printing History

We, the Turks, started printing during our lifecycle in Inner Asia when we printed banknotes, manuscripts, philosophical texts, one of the first dictionary (Divan-i Lugat it Türk) and Map at early stages.

Source: Tekin, Şinasi; Eski Türklerde Yazı, Kâğıt, Kitap ve Kâğıt Damgaları, Dergah Yayınları, 16-21, 21-25, 27

In the sixth century B.C., woodblock printing was used in China and Korea. Buddhist monks dominated the printing press during this period, while the Uighurs (a Turkic ethnic group from Eastern Central Asia) developed the very first printing press with adjustable letters, pressing double colors of black and red on leather, Chinese paper and silk. In the middle of the 8th century, paper making technique was spread to Central Asia from East of the Asia. This speeded up cultural developments among the Turks. Thanks to paper, the Dictionary of Turkic language compiled in the eleventh century by the Turkish scholar Kasgarli Mahmut was able to survive until now.

In the 14th century, this type of printing press was used by the Mamelukes in Egypt. The printing press was introduced to Europe as a result of the Muslim arrivals from the south and the Turkish arrivals from the north. The first books were printed in Europe in 1423, which were religious texts for common people and Latin grammar books. They were all printed on block printing press using wood embossing dyes.

 

 

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