Turkish Philosophy and Water: Time and Ground
When we examine the spirit of the Turkish people conceptually, we encounter two interesting results. The first is the concept of person, and the second is the concept of heart. In all other languages, the concept of human appears as a soil / soil-based word as homo, humus, human, while the concept of water-based dynamic person is used only as a different concept in Turkish language; The person is related to the person (otter) who lives on the water‘s edge in the wetlands in the south of Siberia.
The texts that were put forward philosophically in Farabi were expressed by verses in Yunus Emre. Our human journey, which started with a quiche (otter) on the water edges of the south of Siberia, took its final form with Yunus Emre in Sivrihisar town of Asia Minor.
In Yunus Emre’s 417 poems, Turkish, which defines human and the universe with all seven concepts, has now found its consistency and has gained the highest level of expression.
The fixed and dynamic personality differences, which are permitted by different etymological origins of humus (soil) and Kis (otter), are also the contrasts of uniform (uniform) and binflower (hercai) richness. This is the difference between the “unity” of the individual, the selfishness and the richness of the selfish.
Turks dominated 3 continents in terms of ground. They are in constant motion on the ground. While time flows like water, the Turks are constantly flowing on the ground. The expression of human in the West with the concept of earth-based human shows its constancy in space, its dependence on space, and the concept of water-based person in the Turkish tradition, shows the flow of time on the floors.
The fluidity of contact with water explains the Turks ‘being a nomadic tribe, the Turkish states being an umbrella state, the Turks’ adaptability, their ability to synthesize and transform themselves and other tribes.
The West represents settled societies and space, Turks represent nomadism and time. (Jalal Tahir)
Humus: Latin humus is an extract from the word “soil“.
Homo, Homin: Terrestrial, Human
The word Adam (Human) is etymologically much older than the Arabic human and Latin terms homo, humanus. While the term humanist was first used by the Italian poet Lodovicio Ariosto (1474-1533), this word was derived from the Latin humanus “human” word.
The Latin word is derived from the Latin word homo, homin- “‘belonging to the land’, human”.
The two basic characteristics of human beings, namely the basing of life and death on the basis of water, have been effective in the formation of the mentality that enabled the Turks to spread in waves all over the ancient world. When water is used in order, it still exists.
When it goes out of order, it disappears. Similarly, Turks continued their existence when they became states, and when they were stateless, they dissolved like water. Source: Ayhan Bıçak. Turkish Thought 1: Origins. Dervish. Istanbul. 2013.
Göktürk-centered ancient Turks developed two basic ideas about human being, “being water-based” and “being created”. Both of these appear to have been used in harmony. However, water origin may be more accepted among the public. It is clear that God is somehow involved in each stage of water origination.
When we look at the place of man in the concept of the universe, it is seen that he is given meaning with one of the four elements, water, the source of life.
Kish, which is the root of the person used to mean human in ancient Turkish, was used to mean sable and quiver.
The Siberian swamp otter Kisioğlu may have been instrumental in the emergence of the term. It seems possible to establish a connection between the person who points to the marsh sable and the person who means human.
Person and person must have been derived from the resemblance between the reed area near the water where the sable lives and the people living in a forest with abundant water. Thus, the living space has become the origin of the term human.
Considering the forests and rivers among the determining features of the settlement or the country in the Göktürks strengthens this connection. In addition, the fact that the origin myths are directly or indirectly related to water strengthens the idea that human beings are of water origin. Ayhan Bıçak. Turkish Thought 1: Origins. Dervish. Istanbul. 2013.ss.42