The first essay on the Encyclopedia of Universal Thinkers begins with 2650 years of experience, starting with Thales of Miletus, the first known philosopher born in 624 BC. Among the top 10 great philosophers, the first 3 and 5 in total are from the geography of Turkey. Philosophy started in the geography of Turkey.
5 of the top 10 thinkers were born in Turkey.
1. Thales, Miletus
2. Anaximander, Milet
3. Pythagoras, Samos
6. Sun Tzu
7. Heraclitus, Ephesus
9. Anaxagoras, Klazomenai, Urla
Source: Xue Xiaoyuan, Dr. The Charisma of 100 Philosophers. 2018. China Pictorial Press.
The geography of Turkey is the starting point of the first collective settlements (Çatalhöyük), the first agriculture (Urfa, Diyarbakır), the first beliefs (Karahantepe, Göbeklitepe), and the first thinkers (Milet). The first human questions were asked here. Uninterrupted accumulation of 15,000 years has enabled the enrichment of human existence in Turkey’s geography.
• Mediterranean Basin (Mediterrane),
• New Mediterranean (Pacific) and
• Silk Road (Turkestan) geographies,
Together with the 21st century, they are uniting through TURKEY.
Despite the Western Atlantic powers that created the concepts of Central Asia and the Middle East in the 19th and 20th centuries for their own interests, the ancient reality of thousands of years since ancient times, the meaning of those called Mediterrane (Mediterranean) and Zhongguo (China).
TURKEY, with its location at the center of the Cradle of Civilizations, has a global potential as the intellectual treasure of the Mediterranean. Turkey’s comparative advantage is its location and opportunity as a peninsula of ideas, a paradise of contemplation, and a production center for high-value ideas.
10 Great Thinkers in the Ottoman Empire
1. Davud El-Kayseri
2. Molla Fenari
3. Kadızade Rumi
5. Ali Kuşçu
8. Katip Çelebi
10. Ahmet Cevdet Pasha