HomeREADERSPHILOSOPHY & WISDOMList of Ancient Philosophers Born in Turkey

List of Ancient Philosophers Born in Turkey

© Copyright photo by Levent Ağaoğlu

by Dr. C. Cengiz Cevik (Classical Philologist)
https://jimithekewl.com/anadolulu-eskicag-filozoflari/

• Pre-Socratic and period philosophers

Miletos

• Thales (624-546 BC) Miletos (Milet -Didim, Aydın-)
• Anaximandros (610-546 BC) Miletos (Milet -Didim, Aydın-)
• Anaximenes (BC 585-525) Miletos (Milet -Didim, Aydın-)

Pluralist

• Anaxagoras (BC 510-428) Klazomenai (Urla, İzmir)
• Heraclitus (535-475 BC) Ephesus (Ephesus, -Selçuk, İzmir-)

Atomist

• Leucippus (5th century BC) -Possibly- Miletos (Milet -Didim, Aydın-)

Other

• Bias of Priene (6th century BC) Priene (Söke, Aydın)
• Thrasymakhos (459-400 BC) Chalcedon (Kadıköy, Istanbul)

• Hellenistic philosophers

Cynic

• Diogenes (412-323 BC) Sinope (Sinop)

Platonic

• Xenocrates (396-314 BC) Chalcedon (Kadıköy, Istanbul)
• Heraclides (390-310 BC) Heracleia Pontica (Black Sea Eregli)
• Archesilaos (BC 316-232) Pitane (Çandarlı, İzmir)

Peripatetic

• Straton (335-269 BC) Lampsacus (Lapseki, Çanakkale)
• Alexandros (ca. 200 BC) Aphrodisias (Geyre, Aydın)

Epicurean

• Young Metrodoros (331-278 BC) Lampsakos (Lapseki, Çanakkale)

Stoic

• Kleanthes (331-232 BC) Assos (Ayvacık, Çanakkale)
• Chrysippos (279-206) Soloi (Mezitli, Mersin)
• Zeno (born 200 BC) Tarsus (Tarsus, Mersin)
• Antipater (d. 130 BC) Tarsus (Tarsus, Mersin)
• Epictetus (AD 55-135) Hierapolis (Pamukkale, Denizli)
• Arrianus (AD 86-160) Bithynia (Izmit)

New Pythagorean

• Apollonios (AD 40-120) Tyana (Kemerhisar, Niğde)

Notes from readers:

• Heraclides of Pontus was born in Heraclea Pontica (Black Sea Ereğli), BC. He lived around 390-310. (1. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers, Diogenes Laërtius, 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heraclides_Ponticus)
• Aristarchus of Pontos, representative of heliocentrism in antiquity..

There is Sofilofia of Cappadocia, the first woman philosopher 🙂

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