MEDITERRANEAN CIVILIZATION – AFRASIAN MILLION
The shores of the Middle of the World Mediterranean are all around with ports that are always full of ideas; Istanbul, Troy, Miletos, Pergamon, Halicarnassos, Athens, Thessaloniki, Izmir, Ephesus, Rome, Barcelona, Beirut, Piraeus, Alexandria, Kyrenia, Famagusta, Paphos, Haifa, Tripoli, Casablanca, Tunisia, Algeria, Assos, Haifa, Jaffa, The ports of Alanya, Alexandria, Latakia and Tartus are the cities where great thinkers grow up. Universal thinkers such as Aristo, Plato, Pythagoras, Ibn Bacce, Ibn Tüfeyl, Ibn Rust, Ibnul Arabi, Ibni Batuta, Ibn Haldun, Ismail Hakki Izmirli, Muhyiddin Rhyme from Bergama, Ishak Efendi (Bashoca), Hilmi Ziya Ulken, Niyazi Berkes ‘Mediterranean Basin’ They are the precursors of the Afrasian Civilization, the treasures of light.
The Mediterranean Basin is an Atlas of Thought, the world’s most comprehensive Encyclopedia of Thinkers; it is the homeland of philosophy. Encyclopedia’s firsts item is one of the most crowded items. The first philosophy in Athens and Miletus, the first library in Alexandria and Pergamon, the first Christianity in Antakya, Tarsus, the first sociology in Tunis, the first roots of the modern alphabet in Phoenicians, Asia Minor, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and Crete The sparkles of the civilizations of Andalusia have always come to life on these shores.
Islands, peninsulas, rivers, mountains, inland seas, harbors, basins, straits, gulfs, canals surrounding the Mediterranean caused the most influential ideas and thinkers to emerge in this most interactive piece of geography in the world.
The Mediterranean, called the Sixth Continent by one of our thinkers, the Fisherman of Halicarnassus, is a basin located in the middle of three continents and contains all the intellectual accumulations; From Alexandria to Iskenderun, from Izmir to Italy, from Spain to Morocco to France, from Cairo to Catalonia and more.
The Atlantic Mind has torn the region to take over and the Middle East and so on. He used the terms used in military terminology to generalize the region he divided. The Mediterranean, which has been marginalized as the Middle East, is the Middle World when subjected to an objective and correct reading. This is the etymological meaning of Mediterrane. All directions come together in the Middle Earth.
There is one more Middle-earth; ZhongGuo, China. Ports on the Pacific coast also constitute the New Mediterranean. With its oases in Inner Asia (Turkistan), which is located on the Silk Road route, it is a Mediterranean historical structure.
These three Mediterranean; The Mediterranean Basin (Mediterrane), New Mediterranean (Pacific) and Silk Road (Turkestan) geographies are united through Cyprus, the Center of the World, with the 21st century.
Despite the Western Atlantic powers that created the concepts of Central Asia and the Middle East in the 19th and 20th centuries in line with their own interests, the meaning of the ancient reality of thousands of years since ancient times Mediterrane (Mediterranean) and Zhongguo (China) is the Middle Earth.
The Center of the World, the precious island of the Mediterranean, Cyprus, with its position holding the center of the Cradle of Civilizations, has a global potential as the wealth of ideas of the Basin.
The comparative advantage of Cyprus is its position and opportunity to be the center of production of high-value ideas, as an island of thought, a paradise of contemplation.
It is extremely important that European philosophy from the continents surrounding the Mediterranean cannot be understood without the development process that takes place elsewhere and passes to Europe. The beginnings of the development called Garp philosophy lie in what the Hellenes call the Orient (Anatole). The first center here was Miletos. Thales, Anaximandros and Anaximenes were the first philosophers of the history of philosophy with the intellectual activity they showed and the problems they addressed.
The second and main center was in Europe: Athens. However, the third center, Alexandreia (Alexandria), is also outside the European borders in Egypt, followed by Baghdad, a little deeper in the Orient. Source: Elmar Holenstein, Atlas of Philosophy, Places and Ways of Thinking, 2015 June, Istanbul, Küre Publishing
Cyprus, located in the middle of the triangle of Miletus-Alexandria-Baghdad; It is in a position to reproduce the intellectual legacy of Asia Minor-Greater Asia-Africa.
Cyprus has started to accumulate an important intellectual infrastructure over the years by providing the education of the students of the countries included in this triangle at the universities of the island. Starting from the next years, the aim of this accumulation in intellectual activities should be on the agenda.
The knowledge we have shows that the mental conditions for doing philosophy begin in Africa. The most important contribution of the African continent to philosophy is the ability to speak. Having the ability to speak means that a person not only understands every philosophy developed since the Axial Age 2500 years ago, but also has the cognitive ability to reveal them. Early humans, who spread from Africa to the whole world between 50,000 and 100,000 years ago, carried this ability with them. Source: Elmar Holenstein, Atlas of Philosophy, Places and Ways of Thinking, June 2015
Cyprus, where Time and Grounds intersect, will emerge a universal Mind from the treasure of these intersections and make it available to the common use of all humanity.
In spite of the European Hegenomy, which only achieved 500 years of domination by using external resources that do not belong to it; The mathematics and rationality of Asia Minor symbolized by Miletos; Diophantos mathematics symbolized by Alexandria, Pythagorean wisdom and Harezmi mathematics symbolized by Baghdad, the wisdom of Beytül Hikme; The Center of the World is preparing to take its place in history as the 3rd Millennium Year of the Afrasia Millennium, which has been derived from its own resources since the beginning of the 21st century. The wealth of thought of Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and Transoxiana is being reshaped in the island of Cyprus.
All innovations (paper, printing press, gunpowder, compass) have been transported to Europe from Greater Asia via the Silk Road and will be operational in 2035, and will connect the New Mediterranean (Pacific Ocean) with the Cyprus-based Mediterranean. 1935 Asia Minor in Turkey that putting up with demirağ, while a century after 2035 a new era in ocean will connect to each other with a large Asian railways, will be the beginning of the Silk Road era.
Ancient Greek civilization was born from the Mediterranean Civilization, which was common among the nations living on the Mediterranean coast, which was formed with the help of Egyptians, Sumerians, Hittites, Assyrians and Phoenicians, and ancient Roman civilization was born from the Greek civilization. After dividing into two as Eastern Rome and Western Rome, the Europeans, the heirs of Western Rome, adopted this civilization and advanced. Source: Ziya Gökalp, Principles of Turkism, Ministry of National Education Press, 1. Edition. Istanbul 1976, p. 48. 132 Ibid. s. 136
Eastern Rome, on the other hand, was continued as the Seljuk and then the Ottoman Empires by the Turks from Far Asia to Asia Minor with their 1071 and 1453 victories. Thus, the Mediterranean Civilization, as an original civilization with many components, contains a history of thousands of years and dynamic interactions.
Skopje (Macedonia), where Turkish culture is extremely strong as in Cyprus, is the birthplace of Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, one of the greatest poets and intellectuals of Turkish poetry. Yahya Kemal, who sees his geography in the Mediterranean civilization basin, tries to reach the universal especially through this thesis. He determined the borders of the homeland land, which religion and the nation claimed to have been created from him as an inseparable whole, in a realist manner, firstly the borders (misak-ı milli) and then the Gregorian (1071 and 1453) and, with a last effort, he included it into European civilization through the Mediterranean basin. Of course, while establishing this synthesis, he pays attention not to overlap with any doctrine, theory, or to construct theories that will impose responsibility on him. “Homeland is never a theory, but a land. Earth is the grave of ceds. It is the place where mosques are established. It is the exhibition of whatever has been done to the industrial self (Fine Arts). ” Source: Kadrican Mendi, The Politics of Yahya Kemal
“Yahya Kemal’s contemplation; It is on the line of Vienna, Budin, Belgrade, Istanbul, Baghdad and Basra. Yahya Kemal’s thinker side is also important; There are prose style writings. ” Source: Ömer Tuğrul İnançer
GLOBAL IDEA CENTER – CYPRUS
“If Capitalism, as claimed, is what makes it a global sovereign power, why is England not a global power, the cradle of Capitalism? If the rich resources and vast territories that make it a global power, then why is Russia as big as a continent not a global power?
The claim that the Ottomans broke up because they did not establish a rule based on race is not true. China, Japan, and Germany would be unsinkable and invincible if racial basis were enough to sustain the rule. The coexistence of people of the same race is not sufficient for dominance.
The secret of “long” dominance, though not permanent, lies in the observance of merit. State administration in the Ottoman Empire was open to the world, Istanbul; He saw the world as a pool of human potential. The Ottoman Empire met his needs from this global pool, provided that he knew his identity. Many Grand Vizier and Pasha were not of Turkish origin, the Ottoman door was open to anyone who knew their job well.
These recruits knew how to be a martyr as much as they knew how to manage and fight. During the Battle of Ankara, when they fought against the Timurian army with Yıldırım, it was seen that how many people were alive in the battle, as many dead people slept in the battlefield as martyrs at the end of the battle. Therefore, in order to become a global power, it is not enough to employ the best, you must also put forward a world understanding that will be accepted by the broad masses. Having a global personality is possible by having a global opinion.
The Mediterranean is a global basin of ideas, it is the source of ideas, it is humanity’s memory of ideas. Philosophy-science, which is the systematic discipline of human thought, was initiated by Aristotle on the Mediterranean coast. As the bearer of a huge heritage, Cyprus is a candidate for the global leadership of the generation of ideas in this way. The strong is right and being strong is only possible with globalization. The Turkish Empire (Ottoman Dynasty) has been a leader in considering the Mediterranean as a global pool for the unlimited recruitment of people and hence the source of ideas.
The principle of decency, which originated from Edirne (1363) on language, religion, race, sect and legitimacy, originated from Abu Hanifa, ensured the sustainability of the Mediterranean Empire of the Turks for centuries. Edirne prepared the conquest of Istanbul. Due to the 60/40 non-Muslim / Muslim composition, the common life style was taken as basis. Within the framework of the principle of Adamism of the Hanafi sect, all people have indispensable rights and this principle has come to life in Edirne. Europe’s 2nd largest Synagogue, Selimiye Mosque, is in Edirne. People of the people. People of the Book. The principle of the inviolability of people’s rights and freedoms is being applied for the first time in Edirne and brought to Istanbul. Source: Governor of Edirne Günay Özdemir Asam – Avrasya Bir: 18 February 2017 Partnership of Civilizations.
The self-confidence brought by the richness and experience of the past heritage is the assurance that the Turks, who have been on the shores of the Mediterranean since 1221, will reproduce their global thinking practices in the coming years, starting from Cyprus.
Having the longest coastline on the Mediterranean coast and Cyprus, the heartland, Turks have developed the tradition of creating and spreading ideas, which they have accumulated with the tradition of Kaman (Shaman), Bilge, Abdal, Alperen, Eren, Derviş, Dede, Veli, Alimler, starting from Great Asia. They are at the stage of establishing Yesevi tables in Cyprus, using the technological opportunities brought by their age.
Starting with Bilge Tonyukuk in Yunzhong Çuğay mountains along the 41st parallel at the starting point of the Silk (Wisdom) Road, and take roads through Yusuf Has Hacip (Turkistan), Yesevi Ahmet (Piri Turkistan), Haci Bektaşı Veli, Yunus Emre (Diyarı Greek) and reach Rumelia. The intellectual riches described as the Mediterranean Civilization with Yahya Kemal Beyatlı again; We will blend it in Cyprus in the center of the Mediterranean Pot.
Britain (United Kingdom) is an island state in the Atlantic Ocean, above which the sun does not set. Starting from the 1500s and especially in the 1600s, this island state has been ruling the whole world based on its power of thought. Philosophy Francis Bacon in Science (1561-1626), John Locke in Political Science (1632-1704), Isaac Newton in Natural Sciences (1643-1727), Adam Smith in Economics (1723-1790), Charles Darwin in the Theory of Evolution (1809-1882), they are British thinkers who order the world with their thoughts. The only power of thought has caused the English language to become a universal language.
Cyprus, an island state, has incredible lessons to learn from these developments. Cyprus is the island of thought;
Great Asia (Silk Road, Turkestan, Transoxiana, Khorasan, Mesopotamia),
Asia Minor (Anatolia),
It will rise to the position of intellectual center of the Afrasia Millennium by feeding on the heritage of thought.